CHROMIUM AND ITS HAZARDOUS EFFECTS
As Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to welcome you to Our Journal of Environmental and Toxicology Studies.
The Journal of Environmental and Toxicology Studies aims to spread knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Eco-Toxicology. The open access journal is published by Insight Medical Publishing who hosts open access peer-reviewed journals as well as organizes conferences that hosts the work of researchers in a manner that exemplifies the highest standards in research integrity.
Chromium: is used mainly in metal alloys such as metal-ceramics, stainless steel, and is used as chrome plating. It has high value in the industrial world because it can be polished to a mirror-like finish, and provides a durable, highly rust resistant coating, for heavy applications.
Chromium is mined in different countries around the world as the naturally occurring form, chromate ore (FeCr2O4). Chromium is unstable in an oxygenated environment and, when exposed to air, immediately produces an oxide layer which is impermeable to further oxygen contamination.
Harmful Effects of Chromium:
Increases in Chromium III are due to leather, textile, and steel manufacturing; Chromium VI enters the environment through some of the same channels such as leather and textile manufacturing, but also due to industrial applications such as electro painting and chemical manufacturing.
Groundwater contamination may occur due to seepage from chromate mines or improper disposal of mining tools and supplies, and improper disposal of industrial manufacturing equipment. As chromium strongly attaches to soil and is generally contained within the silt layer surrounding it will not affect groundwater.
Water contaminated with chromium will not build up in fish when consumed, but will accumulate on the gills, thus, causing negative health effects for aquatic animals; chromium uptake results in increased mortality rates in fish due to contamination.
Chromium VI is the most dangerous form of chromium and may cause health problems including: allergic reactions, skin rash, nose irritations and nosebleed, ulcers, weakened immune system, genetic material alteration, kidney and liver damage, and may even go as far as death of the individual.
Our Journal emphasizes high-level research and education. Original research articles, reviews, short communications, and letters to the editors in the fields of ecotoxicology are welcome. Every effort is made to have a speedy and critical peer-review process.
We always encourage new research works under the scope of our Environmental and Toxicology Studies Journal. (Tap on the link to submit a manuscript)
Environmental and Toxicology Studies Journal